Compressed Air Heat Exchangers

Great article by Wolfgang Kräusslich, Senior Chief Editor of Fluid magazine on customized heat exchangers saving space and money for Kaeser Compressors

Particularly when it comes to cleaning the water side, shell and tube heat exchangers have advantages over plate heat exchangers. Universal Hydraulik has now presented two innovations for this tried-and-tested product. One of these was given a closer look by fluid at Kaeser Kompressoren in Coburg.

RJW_8541 Fail Safe Cooler

RJW 8541 – Fail Safe Cooler

Sometimes, heat can be troublesome. It is generally created unintentionally, and if it is not wanted for the process, it must be dissipated. Cooling ­fins, fans and in certain cases appropriate heat exchangers are the tools of choice here. ‑ is also applies for compressors, where heat must be conducted away from both the drive train and from the compression process. Coburg-based compressed air specialist Kaeser Kompressoren uses air cooling alone for its screw compressors up to 30 kW, while for larger capacities air or water may be used, depending on the application and space requirements. The less space is available, the more water tends to be used. For units with three-­figure kW ratings, water cooling is the option most frequently used.

The Problem with Water Quality

Water – well, that sounds simple enough at first. But the devil is in the detail. Not all water is the same. And unlike in the oil or air side of a heat exchanger, the designer normally has less control over the quality of the water used. Each user deals with this issue differently; some put additives into the cooling circuit, while others have open circuits and highly varying qualities of water. Sometimes river water is used. But rivers can often be cloudy, and industry experts know that water ­filters are one of the components people economize on. Even where the water quality is tested in advance, a flood can turn a clear-running stream into a torrent of turbulent mud.

Additionally, substances such as chlorides or manganese in the water are invisible at first but can corrode away even the best stainless steel. It’s a similar story where seawater is used.

Both Tubes and Plates – Now Riding Piggyback

With their fi­nned design, plate heat exchangers contain a number of sharp internal angles, which makes them prone to contamination and becoming blocked. As a rule they are not easy to clean, unless one opts for large and costly models that can be unscrewed. Shell and tube heat exchangers, on the other hand, have smooth tubes on the water side that are less likely to attract dirt. If necessary the diameter of the tubes can be increased or the material adapted to the water quality. Various solutions exist, such as copper-nickel alloys (CuNi10 Fe), stainless steel (1.4571) or titanium, to cover most applications. The biggest advantage, however, is that this type of heat exchanger is very simple to clean. Just unscrew it, scrub it out and put it back together, you could say.

On the other hand, however, simple shell and tube heat exchangers have the disadvantage of requiring more space for a given cooling capacity. This is where Universal Hydraulik brings the hybrid heat exchanger into the game, combining the benefi­ts of both plate and shell and tube heat exchangers. This design has a greatly enlarged heat exchanging surface on the oil or air side, achieved through the use of plates drawn over the water tubes and linked to them by metal. This allows a unit to be created that is as compact as a plate heat exchanger. With this hybrid cooler, the manufacturer is now particularly represented in many Kaeser compressors used in advanced customer applications in difficult conditions such as marine environments. Another important factor; however, is that the loss of pressure caused by the heat exchanger inserted into the circuit must be as low as possible. Particularly in the case of air cooling and typically not more than 0.1 bar, and for this reason Kaeser has often ­fitted two heat exchangers. This is because where pressure loss is low, the level of compression can also be lower and thus a smaller motor can be used. For situations where space is very limited and only one unit can be ­fitted, meanwhile, the technicians of Universal Hydraulik have devised a market innovation – effectively two heat exchangers in one, in which the main tube carries another ‘piggyback’, as it were. The result: the required cooling capacity and a low loss of pressure, available for use where space is reduced.

Safety Heat Exchangers in Compact Format

In some situations, such as where river water or groundwater in an open-loop circuit is used for cooling, it is essential that no fluid from the oil circuit comes into contact with the water and that no water comes into the oil circuit. For such purposes, safety heat exchangers, which are also referred to as failsafe heat exchangers, are used – that is essentially a specially-designed double-tube heat exchanger. These exchangers also feature electronic monitoring for leakage that might occur, say, due to pitting corrosion.

Here again, Universal Hydraulik has come up with an innovation. Until now, safety heat exchangers have not been available in hybrid designs, and as a result they have been about three times larger for the same cooling capacity. With a new manufacturing process, however, it has become possible to make the gap between the tubes so small that the manufacturer can now house the double tube plus electronic monitoring in a hybrid model. This means that an ordinary hybrid cooler can now be replaced by a safety heat exchanger of the same physical size. And while Kaeser is not yet ­fitting the new safety heat exchangers into its compressors, it is good to know that it is available.

Click to download full article

Labor Day Closure


IC-Fluid Power is closed on Monday, September 5th and will resume normal business on Tuesday, July 5th at 8:00 EST.

MDA Chicago 2016 – Booth E-5163

IC-Fluid Power
IC-Fluid Power is well underway preparing for exhibiting at the Motion, Drive and Automation (MDA) show September 12-17, 2016 at McCormick Place in Chicago. The MDA show is co-located with IMTS (International Manufacturing Technology Show) and is America’s largest manufacturing show featuring over 2,000 exhibitors and 115,000 visitors. Stop by our booth to see what’s new! Visit to register.
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July 4th Holiday Closure


IC-Fluid Power is closed on Monday, July 4th and will resume normal business on Tuesday, July 5th at 8:00 EST.

Office Closed for the Holidays

closed-for-holidaysIC-Fluid Power will be shut down for the Holidays December 24, 2015-January 1, 2016 to allow our employees to spend time with their families. We will re-open at 8 am EST Monday, January 4, 2016.

We appreciate your business in 2015 and send warm thoughts and Best Wishes for a wonderful Christmas Season and a very Happy New Year!

Happy Thanksgiving

Happy-ThanksgivingIC-Fluid Power is closed on Thursday, November 26th and Friday, November 27th in observance of Thanksgiving. We will resume normal operations on Monday, November 30th at 8:00 am EST.

2015 FABTECH Show

2015 Fabtech Show2Day 1 of the 2015 FABTECH Show in Chicago has begun.

Stop by booth S4778 (click for exhibitor directory) to see the latest in stamping technology and learn more about die splitters and turnover machines which quickly and safely open and rotate tooling.

Hope to see you at FABTECH 2015! 



2016 IC-Fluid Power Calendar Now Available

2016 IC-Fluid Power CalendarThe 2016 IC-Fluid Power calendar is now available online. Click here to download.

“Our customers love the calendar”, commented Bernd Hunger, Vice President of IC-Fluid Power. “Many hang it on their wall or keep in their desk as a reference to week numbers commonly used in Europe. It also has useful information like holidays and the number of working days in a month which are important to keep in mind when manufacturing and shipping.”

That’s a Wrap on Valve World 2015

Below are a few photos of the IC-Fluid Power booth at Valve World 2015.

If you were there, what was you main takeaway?

IC-Fluid Power booth at Valve World 2015

IC-Fluid Power booth at Valve World 2015

IC-Fluid Power-Booth-Valve-World-2015

IC-Fluid Power booth shot #2 at Valve World 2015

IC-Fluid to Exhibit at 2015 Valve World Americas Expo July 15-16

Valve-World-2015IC-Fluid Power, a privately-held specialty hydraulic sourcing firm, announced their participation in the 2015 Valve World Americas Expo, July 15-16 at the George R. Brown Convention Center in Houston, TX. Their booth number is 1106.

IC-Fluid Power will be showcasing the robust yet compact HyRav hydraulic rotary actuator for valve and industrial applications, as well as other innovative products.

Founded in 2011, the Expo attracts thousands of visitors looking for a broad overview of the latest technologies, components and systems in the field of industrial flow control.

“The Valve World Americas Conference and Expo is one of the fastest growing events for the flow control industry and we’re very excited to be part of it,” commented Bernd Hunger, Vice President of IC-Fluid Power.